Ground Water

Groundwater is water that is located below the earth's surface. Over time, water from rain and rivers migrates through the ground and is stored in porous soils and rocks. The study of groundwater is known as hydrogeology.

Chemical and physical parameters of groundwater play an important role in assessing water quality. Groundwater quality as one of the most important aspects in water resource studies is largely controlled by discharge and recharge pattern, nature of host and associated rocks, and contaminated activities.

Groundwater is found in vast quantities filling the spaces between grains of soil or rock; it slowly flows through aquifers; it connects with rivers, streams, lakes and wetlands; it feeds trees and vegetation. Much of its groundwater is tens of thousands, even hundreds of thousands of years old.

Groundwater makes up 98% of the fresh water on the planet. It currently makes up around a third of our total water consumption, although this varies from location to location.

In many places, groundwater discharges naturally to the surface, bubbling into natural springs or contributing to rivers and wetlands. Groundwater often plays a crucial role in sustaining rivers and streams, particularly during droughts when it becomes a valuable buffer. Many ecosystems, including some of our most iconic, depend on groundwater.

Groundwater is a finite resource, and aquifers can become depleted when extraction rates exceed replenishment, or 'recharge', rates. Like surface water, groundwater can become polluted or contaminated.

Huta Environment has conducted several groundwater studies

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